Environment

HALAKU KHAN PDF

Hulagu Khan (ca. ) was a Mongol conqueror and the founder of the dynasty of the Il-Khans of Iran. He also suppressed the Ismaili sect and defeated . fifth son of Tolui (and thus grandson of Čengiz Khan) and founder of the R. E. Latham, London and New York, , index s.v. “Hulagu”). Hulagu Khan Destroyed Thousands Of Priceless Ancient Books Kept In The House Of Wisdom In Baghdad. | June 21, | Ancient History.

Author: Shalabar Miran
Country: Cayman Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 10 October 2010
Pages: 423
PDF File Size: 4.28 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.26 Mb
ISBN: 289-5-75040-383-3
Downloads: 28476
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faujind

Hulagu subsequently besieged the city, which surrendered after 12 days.

HULĀGU KHAN – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Martin Sicker writes that close to 90, people may have died. Around 3, of Hxlaku notables also tried to negotiate with Hulagu but were murdered. Stephen Austin and Sons, Ltd. We have all heard of Halaku Khan khqn in setting Baghdad on fire and the killing of the Caliph of Islam. InMongke charged his brother Hulagu with leading a massive Mongol army to conquer or mhan the remaining Muslim states in southwestern Asia. The story is highly dubious; it is not confirmed in any of the Persian, Armenian, and Georgian sources, and it seems most unlikely that a Georgian princess would demand that the Il-khan should convert to Islam.

The Mongol siege of AD began in mid-January and lasted just two weeks.

So many people died or fled that neither the labour nor the organization were sufficient to maintain the canal system. His funeral was the only Ilkhanid funeral to feature human sacrifice Morgan It is very strange that the victor takes up the way of life of the vanquished in this case. Qutuz allied himself with a fellow Mamluk, Baibarswho wanted to avenge for Islam the Mongols’ capture of Damascus, their looting of Baghdad and their conquest of Syria. Al-Musta’sim finally decided to do battle with them and sent out a force of 20, cavalry to attack the Mongols.

  2SC5200 TOSHIBA PDF

Many historical accounts describe the three Christian rulers Hetum, Bohemond, and Kitbuqa entering the city of Damascus together in triumph, [18] [19] though some modern historians such as David Morgan have questioned this story as apocryphal. Berke and his forces went as far as Darband halak pursuit of the Il-khanid troops before returning home.

Siege of Baghdad (1258)

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This force then conquered Muslim Syriadomain of the Ayyubid dynasty. Hulagu’s favorite wife, Doquz Khatunwas also a Christian, as was his closest friend khah general, Kitbuqa. The Mamluks achieved a decisive victory, Kitbuqa was executed, and the location established a high-water mark for the Mongol conquest. He initiated a series of raids on Hulagu’s territories, led by Nogai Khan. Some lhan may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

Oscillatting between Sunni and Shi’a Islam the latter would become the state religion after the beginning of the Safavid dynasty. Citizens attempted to flee, but were intercepted by Mongol soldiers who killed in abundance, sparing neither women nor children.

Hulagu Khan – Wikipedia

Much of the army was slaughtered or drowned. In preparation for his invasion, Hulagu raised a large expeditionary force, conscripting one out of every ten military-age males in the entirety of the Mongol Empireassembling what may have been the most numerous Mongol army to have existed and, by one estimate,strong.

  2013 AR1000F PDF

It is recorded however that he converted to Buddhism as he neared death, [1] against the will of Doquz Khatun. With the Islamic power center of Baghdad gone and Damascus weakened, the center of Islamic power transferred to the Egyptian Mamluks in Cairo.

Hulagu demanded surrender; the caliph refused, warning the Mongols that they faced the wrath of God if they attacked the caliph. Mosques, palaces, libraries, hospitals — grand buildings that had been the work of generations — were burned to the ground.

In fact some manuscripts are known to have survived the destruction and recovered from the river banks.

WHY WAS HALAKU KHAN MADE TO SET FIRE – THE LIBRARY OF BAGHDAD, THE ARCHIVES OF ISLAM

The Mongols, for their part, attempted to form a Frankish-Mongol alliance with or at least, demand the submission of the remnant of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, now centered on Acre, but Pope Alexander IV had forbidden such an alliance.

Hulagu’s Mongol army set out for Baghdad in November Tekuder Abaqa Taraqai Mengu Timur. Initially, the fall of Baghdad came as a shock to the whole Muslim world, but the city became an economic center where international trade, the minting of coins and religious affairs flourished under the Ilkhans. From the head of the Mongol army, anxious to devastate the perfidious nation of the Saracens, with the good-will support of the Christian faith