Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.
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The main benefits identified by the organization after adoption of the cluster model are productivity, regional specificities, increased mobility of information. From the translation of the verb cluster, that means to gather in one place, to group after a criterion, we get to the definition of the concept given by Porter, namely, cluster is a geographical concentration of companies that are competing, but also cooperating, the suppliers of goods and services and their associated institutions.
Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states.
Indeed, clusters are developing their full potential when they are able to take full advantage of interdependence in order to bid on additional activities, creating synergies that could lead to a common increase of the whole sector and benefiting all participants in the cluster.
We shall also present the initiatives of aplicsta type between the European states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect. Maanual, innovation is stimulated by facilitating market testing or by new products marketing.
This theory was subsequently extended by Smithies, Lerner and Singer, Greenham. Creating and developing a regional specific, through the formation of clusters, helps regions in creating a productive business environment, leading to attract as many specialized companies on their territory.
Sebastian Văduva – cărţi, carte
There are also incipient clusters vertically integrated in the clothing industry Focsani. Weber extended the basic model by considering a cheap labour force and by taking into account the agglomeration areas, which increases the consumer market of goods, generating savings.
Clusterization risks arise from the very basic principles of the clusters specialization.
These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business econlmie. According to this concept, development is an unbalanced and hierarchical process, in which a certain number of economic units play an engine role that puts them out from the others.
Dosescu, Tatiana Corina [WorldCat Identities]
Click here to sign up. Other descriptions of industrial clusters are based on: Alfred Marshall showed that geographical concentration of a particular industry determines specialty suppliers, attracts the workforce as a set of common skills, ensures economic security for the employees, and creates good market for the suppliers and conditions of improving and specializing the offer.
Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters. In this economic sector there are operating companies that operate exclusively or with a part of production.
A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters is too concentrated. Thus, a possible cluster was located in the ceramics industry in Alba County and another one in the software production in Bucharest. After developing the theory of polarized development, most of the concepts supporting the spontaneous reduction of disparities in regional economic development as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory.
Competitiveness of Romania’s South-East Region in the European Context
The specialty literature regarding local economic development, based economir the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories, such as: After the study it was identified the existence of three incipient clusters, in Romania.
Competent individuals of different organizations constructively interact by assimilating existing knowledge and generating ideas, products and new production processes. Product life cycle theory is developed by Raymond Vernonwhich started its work on links between the expenses incurred by the firm for long-term research and development and its possibilities of winning according to phases or steps that can browse a product from its launch on the market, until the end of its production.
Finally, some clusters include governmental and other institutions – such as universities, standards agencies, think tanks, vocational training providers and employers – to provide specialized training, education, information, research and technical support Porter, a Porter, b.
Project partners from seven countries, three from Western Europe Germany, Italy and United Kingdom and four from Central and Eastern Europe Czech Republic, Poland, Slovenia and Romania are investigating trough case studies the relationship between clusters, at an European level.
He sustains its view by explaining the differences in levels of development and knowledge of existing and identified agglomerations.
Basically, the common point which links them are the concepts which occur in these theories, such as: O1, O3, R1, R5 1. In Timis county it was identified a strong cluster in automotive, in the AutomotiVest company. Productivity, with increasing wages and employability of the workforce, are considered the main reasons for increased interest in the formation of clusters.
Clusters comprise a group of closely related industries and other entities important in terms of competition. The level of economic development research and the systematic study of business in 10 countries with a significant competitive position, and in over industries, Professor Michael Porter brought the debate on how companies manage to compete and contribute in raising living standards in the countries where they are located.
This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies. A region develops around such a pole of growth, because of its spread effects. Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster.
Vertically integrated clusters exist in automobile industry supplier- manufacturer relationshipchemicals, clothing, hardware, furniture, and the horizontal ones in the light industry clothing, shoes fashion, media, software, bio – tech. Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves.
Dosescu, Tatiana Corina
Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth. There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry. Between cluster members there must be mutual trust, and they must share the same objectives and priorities so as to be able to reach an overall coordination in a multi-level context. Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial structures, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, by the model of competitive advantages of national industries.
Clusters affect competitive advantage on three major directions: