File:Adenozin Hrvatski: Shema građe adenozin trifosfata | Description=Shema građe adenozin trifosfata |Date= English Turkish online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options. adenosine triphosphate adenozin trifosfat atp. Translations in context of “adenozin-trifosfat” in Romanian-English from Reverso Context: Menținerea nivelurilor de adenozin-trifosfat (ATP) prin reducerea.
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Transporting chemicals out of a cell against a gradient is often associated with ATP hydrolysis. Photosynthesis Anoxygenic photosynthesis Chemosynthesis Carbon fixation.
Caution is warranted in interpreting the results of experiments using ATP analogs, since some enzymes can hydrolyze them at appreciable rates at high concentration. In its many reactions related to metabolism, the adenine and sugar groups remain unchanged, but the triphosphate is converted to di- and monophosphate, giving respectively the derivatives ADP and AMP. Please click on the reason for your vote: However, it is also necessary to transport phosphate into the mitochondrion; the phosphate carrier moves a proton in with each phosphate, partially dissipating the proton gradient.
They share a small number of common folds.
The process is promoted by RNA polymerases. In the presence of air and various cofactors and enzymes, fatty acids are converted to acetyl-CoA. Salts of ATP can be isolated as colorless solids. ATP serves as adenpzin neurotransmitter in many parts of the nervous system, modulates cilliary beating, affects vascular oxygen supply etc.
At more extreme pHs, it rapidly hydrolyses to ADP and phosphate.
This is not a good example for the translation above. In glycolysis, hexokinase is directly inhibited by its product, glucosephosphate, and pyruvate kinase is inhibited by ATP itself. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: ATP first discovered in “. ATP outward movement is favored by the membrane’s electrochemical potential because the cytosol has a relatively positive charge compared to the relatively negative matrix.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cobalamins Vitamin B Dozens of ATP equivalents are generated by the beta-oxidation of a single long acyl chain. Protein metabolism Protein synthesis Catabolism.
The main control point for the glycolytic pathway is phosphofructokinase PFKwhich is allosterically inhibited by high concentrations of ATP and activated by high concentrations of AMP. Most frequent English dictionary requests: In crystallographic studies, hydrolysis transition states are modeled by the bound vanadate ion. ATP is involved signal transduction by serving as substrate for kinases, enzymes that transfer phosphate groups.
Prokaryotes can utilize a variety of electron acceptors. Pentose phosphate pathway Fructolysis Galactolysis. The wrong words are highlighted. Thank you very much for your vote! ATP analogs are also used in X-ray crystallography to determine a protein structure in complex with ATP, often together with other substrates.
Adenozin trifosfat — Wikipedya
The inhibition of PFK by ATP is unusual, since ATP is also a substrate in the reaction catalyzed trifosfta PFK; the active form of the enzyme is a tetramer that exists in two conformations, only one of which binds the second substrate fructosephosphate F6P. Transport is mediated by ATP binding cassette transporters.
Steps 1 and 3 of glycolysis are referred to as “Priming Steps”.
The process is called photophosphorylation. The pyruvate generated as an end-product of glycolysis is a substrate for the Krebs Cycle.
Bioenergetics 3 3rd ed. H4 Escherichia coli O Instead of transferring the generated NADH, a malate dehydrogenase enzyme converts oxaloacetate to malatewhich is translocated to the mitochondrial matrix.